Jal Jeevan Mission: The Benefits of Water Security for Rural India


Every day, millions of people in rural India struggle to access clean, reliable water. Without it, they are unable to drink, wash their hands, or conduct other basic hygiene and survival tasks. Now, a government initiative called the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is helping to change this by providing rural communities with access to reliable piped water supplies.

With the Jal Jeevan Mission, India will become one of the first countries in the world to ensure that all of its citizens have access to secure drinking water. This mission is a major step forward for the country, but it also has far-reaching implications for India’s rural populations. In this article, we’ll discuss how JJM works and why it’s such an important step in providing water security for rural India.

What Is the Jal Jeevan Mission?

You may have heard of the Jal Jeevan Mission, but what exactly is it? It’s a National Drinking Water Security initiative by the Indian Government with a mission to provide drinking water to all households of rural India through ‘tap water’ by 2024. The idea behind this mission is to bring water security and sustainability in rural areas and ensure that every person has access to safe drinking water.

The Jal Jeevan Mission takes a holistic approach towards improving access to safe drinking water for millions of people in India. It aims to provide infrastructure for watershed management, groundwater recharge, and rainwater harvesting; protect sources of drinking water from pollution; and create awareness about sustainable management of water resources. Additionally, it focuses on developing network linkages among states, local governments, and citizens to ensure better access and maintenance of water sources.

Understanding India’s Water Crisis

You may have heard about the water crisis in India, but you may not understand the complexities and consequences of this problem. Water shortages have become a major issue in India, especially in rural areas. Less than 50% of rural households have access to safe drinking water, resulting in an increased risk of diseases such as cholera and typhoid for those living there.

The situation is so dire that in some locations families are forced to walk up to several kilometers to procure clean drinking water from an external source. Women and children are often tasked with this burden, so much so that it takes away valuable time from their lives that could be spent going to school or working at a job.

With its Jal Jeevan Mission, India has taken a major step towards addressing the water crisis and providing a secure future for its rural population. This project will bring potable drinking water directly into homes and communities, bringing an end to their long journeys for clean water.

Goals of the Jal Jeevan Mission

The goals of the Jal Jeevan Mission are to provide safe piped water to every rural household in India and drastically reduce water contamination. And its benefits are numerous.

Boosted Economy

More access to water means more productivity and efficiency—and that can help fuel India’s rural economy. When people don’t have to worry about fetching water, they can focus on education or job opportunities, which could result in a higher standard of living.

Improved Health

Water from the piped system is often cleaner than other sources, meaning it can help reduce diarrhea and other illnesses associated with unclean water in India.

Plus, it eliminates waste of time and energy for women and children who often have to forage for water.

Greater Access to Water Supplies

The Jal Jeevan Mission provides access to dependable supplies of safe drinking water all year round, especially during droughts when other sources may not be available. For example, in ground-level rainwater harvesting systems like traditional wells, water depletion becomes a problem during dry spells or when the well runs out of capacity or dries up altogether.

Overall, this mission can bring stability to the lives of many people in rural India by providing them with a dependable source of drinking water at home—allowing them to lead healthier lives and engage in economic opportunities they may not have had otherwise.

The Impact of the Jal Jeevan Mission on Rural India

You probably already know about the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) – India’s plan to provide every rural home in India with piped water by 2024. But what you may not realize is the impact this mission has on rural India.

Here are the top benefits that JJM can bring to rural India:

  1. Access to Clean Water: Providing access to clean, potable water is not just a basic human need, but it also has a huge impact on public health. With JJM, more and more rural homes will be able to access and use clean water for drinking, cooking and hygiene purposes.
  2. Reduction of Waterborne Diseases: Clean water also drastically reduces the chances of contracting waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid fever and jaundice.
  3. Better Hygiene: Access to clean water in homes can lead to better hygiene overall – people can take regular baths, wash their hands before meals, etc., which all help contribute to improved health and wellbeing of individuals and families in rural areas.
  4. Improved Agriculture: With access to adequate and reliable sources of water, agricultural production can be improved – resulting in increased incomes for farmers and more jobs for people in rural areas.
  5. Increase Rural Tourism: With improved access to clean drinking water, amenities such as toilets and bathrooms built near tourist spots become available – these facilities attract more tourists which means an increase in revenue for people living in rural areas as well as increased employment opportunities for them too!

Challenges and Opportunities of Implementing a Program Like This

The Jal Jeevan Mission is certainly an ambitious program, and there are challenges and opportunities when it comes to implementation. To start, the mission requires a substantial increase in financial support—India currently has an investment shortfall of over $13.5 billion in India’s rural water sector. Additionally, there are local challenges due to issues such as competing uses of water resources, land acquisition problems, and inadequate transmission capacity in some areas.

Nevertheless, the potential effects of successfully implementing the mission are far-reaching. One major opportunity is increased gender equality—access to safe drinking water would reduce the time burden on women and girls who must often travel great distances to find clean water for their families. Plus, improved access to clean drinking water could also help reduce certain illnesses like diarrhea that disproportionately affects children in India, as well as improve economic productivity when businesses don’t have to shut down due to lack of access to water resources for operations.

They key takeaway is that with adequate investment and diligent oversight from stakeholders both nationally and locally, Jal Jeevan Mission could be life-changing for rural communities in India who are dealing with inadequate access to safe drinking water.

Why Water Security Is Essential for Rural India

When it comes to the Jal Jeevan Mission, it’s essential to understand how water security plays a pivotal role in rural India.

Impact of Clean Water

Providing clean water directly to individuals has trustworthiness and health benefits. The focus on providing clean water is attributed to the chain of diseases that can be contracted with contaminated access points. Furthermore, it enables people to avoid long distances searching for water.

Impact of Water Security

The new Jal Jeevan Mission encourages people in rural India to have access to enough safe and secure water for daily usage. This will be achieved through a network of piped water supply for homes, called Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTCs). These connections will guarantee perennial and adequate supply of potable water for meeting both drinking and domestic requirements at an affordable cost.

Having safe and secure access to improved sources of water helps reduce drudgery, especially in women and girls who are more involved in collecting drinking-water resources. It also helps reduce time spend searching for better sources, but instead spend their time engaging in other activities such as education and employment.


The Jal Jeevan Mission is a monumental endeavor for India, and the proof of its success will be found in the systemic changes it brings about in rural India, where access to clean drinking water has been an ongoing challenge. The benefits of having water security are numerous and far-reaching—improved public health, increased agricultural productivity, job creation and rural economic development, to name a few.

The government’s commitment to the cause is laudable and the mission is surely headed in the right direction. It is hoped that with a successful implementation of the mission, water scarcity can be overcome to bring about a water-secure India in the near future.

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